Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris (1887, La Chaux-de-Fonds – 1965, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin), more commonly known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, architectural theorist, urban planner, painter, draftsman, sculptor, and furniture designer. Le Corbusier was one of the most influential architects of the 20th century. Since 2016, 17 of his buildings have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. He first adopted his pseudonym, Le Corbusier, in 1920 in the magazine L'Esprit nouveau, in reference to the name of his great-grandmother Lecorbésier and deriving from corbeau, French for raven. Throughout his life, he showed a great passion for various means of expression: paintings, drawings, sculptures, lithography, tapestries, and enamelling. He repeatably emphasized how important it had been for his research and his architectural work to consistently devote himself to painting and drawing, five hours every morning.